Internet Connections – What Is Fiber Optic?

September 19, 2013

Not many of us know much about fiber optic broadband. All we know is that it makes accessing the internet easier than before and it’s quicker. Well now it’s time to learn about the internet connection we hear a lot about.

Are you prepared to chat technical?

Glass or plastic cables are used to transport information at high speeds. These plastic and glass cables are actually smaller than one human hair.

Years ago we could only fantasies about fast internet and now it’s become a reality. Before the end of 2013, it is likely that these speeds will triple. This has changed how the internet is thought about since fiber optic broadband was introduced. The internet could only be accessed by dialing up a few years ago. ADSL broadband seemed to be a holy grail when it introduced speeds of 24 Mbps. Fiber optic broadband offers speeds of 100Mbps.

The ever increasing speed of the internet has not been praised by everyone. Some have said that the faster speeds will not be suitable for internet enabled devices and PCs. So do we need quicker internet if our devices won’t be able to cope with it?

Other broadband connections are going to be cheaper than fiber optic as they don’t boast as many benefits. Some of the benefits include watching TV online and streaming music will be faster.

Exactly how Fiber Optic Broadband Works

These faster internet speeds are as a result of improvements in bandwidth. This offers a better frequency, meaning greater distances can be covered.

While ADSL broadband used copper cables to guide the information, fiber optic uses pulses of light. This also means that disturbances are less likely to occur on fiber optic broadband.

Pros of Fiber Optic Broadband

Download Quicker – 300Mbps is expected to be the maximum speed by the time 2013 ends. However, the current maximum speed is 100Mbps.

Upload Faster – The current maximum upload speed is 30Mbps. However, theses speeds should increase as fiber optic becomes quicker.

Used By Many – Fiber optic will not be slowed down if it’s being used at the same time by many different people.

Cons of Fiber Optic Broadband

Prices – Look at the different offers that are available as fiber optic isn’t the cheapest internet option available.

Availability – This new internet connection is only available to the highest populated areas at the moment. However, pretty soon the entire population of the UK should be able to access fiber optic broadband.

Fiber Optic Broadband – The Varied Kinds

Fiber optic broadband comes in three different kinds; FTTC, FTTP and FTTH. Fiber optic broadband still requires the use of a copper cable in most cases.

Fiber to the Cabinet (FTTC) – Every household in the area will be connected to a local cabinet via a copper cable. However, the cabinet will receive the information through a fiber optic connection.

Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) – A direct fiber optic connection will be running to the premises. However, a copper cable will be used to give each part of the premises access to the internet.

Fibre to the Household (FTTH) – A fiber optic connection will be running directly to your home.

FTTH is the fastest connection, while the slowest connection is FTTC. However, because it is easy to maintain, in the UK the most common type of fiber optic broadband is FTTC.

Just exactly how fast is fast?

You could be receiving upload speeds of 10 or 20Mbps when you should be getting speeds of 30Mbps. Unfortunately, it won’t be possible for everyone to get the same speed.

The maximum speed is usually only available to those who have an FTTH or FTTP connection. Anyone that has an FTTC connection, their speed will be determined by how far they are away from the local cabinet. So your actual speed can be hard to define on fiber optic broadband.

However, it will always be quicker to download pictures or music on fiber optic broadband regardless of your connection.

The Outlook of Fiber Optic Broadband

Rural areas are currently unable to access fiber optic broadband. However, there are plans to combine the signals from CPEs, phones, modems and aerials into one at some point in the future to make fiber optic broadband available in rural areas.

Strata Communications has extra information about Fiber optic broadband.

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